Sparkling wine encompasses a diverse range of bubbly wines with unique production methods, setting Champagne, Cava, and Prosecco apart. While it can be made worldwide, specific designations like Champagne originate from defined regions. Two primary production methods prevail: the prestigious "Méthode Champenoise" and "traditional method" requiring secondary fermentation within the bottle, adding depth and richness due to lees aging. Alternatively, the cost-efficient "Charmat method" (e.g., Prosecco) introduces secondary fermentation in pressurized tanks, yielding lighter, fruit-forward wines. Sparkling wines, available in white, rosé, and red varieties, offer diverse flavors dependent on grape choice, climate, and winemaking techniques.